|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]杨子舟 荀关玉.技能何以形成:类型探讨与模式分析[J].清华大学教育研究,2019,(05):49-60.
 YANG Zi-zhou XUN Guan-yu.How?Skills?Are?Formed:Type?Discussion?and?PatternAnalysis[J].TSINGHUA JOURNAL OF EDUCATION,2019,(05):49-60.
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技能何以形成:类型探讨与模式分析
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清华大学教育研究[ISSN:1001-4519/CN:11-1610/G4]

卷:
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
49-60
栏目:
教育思想与理论
出版日期:
2019-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
How?Skills?Are?Formed:Type?Discussion?and?PatternAnalysis
作者:
杨子舟 荀关玉
曲靖师范学院 经济与管理学院
Author(s):
YANG Zi-zhou XUN Guan-yu
Economics?and?Management?School,?Qujing?Normal?College
关键词:
职业教育职业培训技能形成技能类型国际比较
Keywords:
vocational education vocational training skill formation skill type international comparison
分类号:
G710
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
技能形成问题是我国从制造大国迈向制造强国的关键问题。通过类型化探究,发现专用型技能面临“挖墙脚”和“工作保护”的形成难题,而高技能需要达到非程序化的操作和认知水平。深入分析行业专用型的德国“职业人”模式、企业专用型的日本 “企业人”模式、通用型的美国 “能力人”模式,发现制造强国在劳动力的技能形成背景、职业教育与培训系统、人才培养方式、职普关系等维度各有特色。当前,我国要加快推动技能形成,促进产业结构调整;加强工作保护,降低专用技能学习风险;优化中职定位,培育设计型操作人才;强化高职定位,培养分析型与互动型认知专用技能人才。
Abstract:
Skill-formation is a key issue for China to turn from a big manufacturing country into a strong one. With typology method, this study finds that the formation of special skills is faced with the problem of “staff poaching” and “on job protection”. To master high skills requires non-procedural operational and cognitive level. By comparison of skill-formation modes of German’s Vocationalism mode, Japan’s Enterpriser mode, and the U.S. Competency-base mode, we find that each country has its own characteristics on skill types, background, VET system, personnel training mode, and relationship between general and vocational education. At present, China should accelerate the formation of skills to promote industrial restructure, strengthen on job protection to reduce the risk in learning specific skills, optimize the position of the secondary vocational education to cultivate manual workers with designing ability, and intensify the position of the higher vocational education to cultivate technicians with analytical and interpersonal cognitive skills.

相似文献/References:

[1]和震 柯梦琳.职业教育视角下的专长与校企合作重构[J].清华大学教育研究,2017,(04):40.
 HE Zhen KE Meng-lin.Reconstruction of Expertise and School-enterprise Cooperation from the Perspective of Vocational Education[J].TSINGHUA JOURNAL OF EDUCATION,2017,(05):40.
[2]杨子舟,荀关玉,陈宗富.职业教育的学校知识辨正[J].清华大学教育研究,2017,(06):106.
 YANG Zi-zhou XUN Guan-yu CHEN Zong-fu.Rethinking on the School Knowledge in Vocational Education[J].TSINGHUA JOURNAL OF EDUCATION,2017,(05):106.
[3]李鹏 朱德全.读职校有用吗? ——美国职业教育个人收益的元分析与启示[J].清华大学教育研究,2018,(01):109.[doi:10.14138/j.1001-4519.2018.01.010908]
 LI Peng ZHU De-quan.Is It Useful to Go to a Vocational School: the Personal Incomeof Vocational Education in America and Its’ Enlightenment[J].TSINGHUA JOURNAL OF EDUCATION,2018,(05):109.[doi:10.14138/j.1001-4519.2018.01.010908]

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-20