|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]束永睿 胡秋梅 傅安洲.从学术团体到国家智库:美国公民教育中心的历史考察[J].清华大学教育研究,2017,(05):52-60.
 SHU Yong-rui HU Qiu-mei FU An-zhou.From Academic Organization to National Think Tank: A Historical Study on Center for Civic Education[J].TSINGHUA JOURNAL OF EDUCATION,2017,(05):52-60.
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从学术团体到国家智库:美国公民教育中心的历史考察
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清华大学教育研究[ISSN:1001-4519/CN:11-1610/G4]

卷:
期数:
2017年05期
页码:
52-60
栏目:
国际与比较教育
出版日期:
2017-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
From Academic Organization to National Think Tank: A Historical Study on Center for Civic Education
作者:
束永睿1 胡秋梅1 傅安洲2
1.中国地质大学 马克思主义学院2.中国地质大学
Author(s):
SHU Yong-rui1 HU Qiu-mei1 FU An-zhou2
1. Institute of Marxism, China University of Geosciences China University of Geosciences
关键词:
美国公民教育中心转型发展美国智库
Keywords:
Center for Civic Education transformation development American think tank
分类号:
G511
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
美国公民教育中心,是当代美国公民教育领域最具影响力的智库。在20世纪60年代以后美国公民教育从困境走向变革的历史背景下,美国公民教育中心也完成了从加州大学洛杉矶分校的公民教育委员会到国家智库的转型,在促进美国公民教育政策法案制定、推动学校公民教育课程标准化运动、持续开展覆盖全美的教育项目、实施公民教育国际拓展策略、传播美国民主价值理念等方面发挥了重要作用。本文以美国公民教育的变迁和美国现代智库发展为历史背景,分阶段对美国公民教育中心的发展转型历程做了全景式梳理。本文认为,对美国公民教育的时代主题在思想和策略层面作出持续有效响应,并搭建“知识”与“权力”的桥梁;结成有共同政治信念的“政策倡导联盟”影响决策者;实现“设置并引导公民教育政策议程、有效提供公民教育产品、推动美国公民教育向世界拓展”等智库功能,是公民教育中心从学术团体转型为国家智库的决定因素。研究美国公民教育中心影响力产生机制、传播策略、智库功能,特别是在公民教育领域向国际拓展的渠道,有助于加深对其运作过程及其策略的认识,有助于在中美智库的合作以及教育领域交流方面提高主动性和策略性,提升对话意识和对话能力,增强话语权。
Abstract:
Center for Civic Education is the most influential Think Tank in the field of civic education in America. Since 1960s, while American civic education experienced dilemma and reform, Center for Civic Education, at the same time, has transformed from the Civic Education Committee of University of California at Los Angeles to a national Think Tank. This plays an important role in promoting policy-making of American civic education, curriculum standardization of school citizenship education, sustained development of nationwide education programs, implementation of international development strategies, and spreading of American democratic values. With the historical background of American civic education and American modern Think Tank, this paper summarizes the stages of development of the Center. This paper holds that the decisive factors of the Center’s transformation include the following points: building a bridge between “knowledge” and “power” through continuing and effective responses to the theme of civic education at ideological and strategic level, affecting decision makers by forming a Policy Advocacy Coalition with those who have common political beliefs, realizing such functions of Think Tank as setting and guiding policy agenda of civic education, providing effective products of civic education, promoting the international development of American civic education. This research contributes to promoting understanding of operating process and strategies of the Center, giving effective advice to Chinese Think Tank in cooperation with American Think Tank, enhancing Chinese Think Tank’s the sense and ability of dialogue, so as to strengthen their voices.Center for Civic Education is the most influential Think Tank in the field of civic education in America. Since 1960s, while American civic education experienced dilemma and reform, Center for Civic Education, at the same time, has transformed from the Civic Education Committee of University of California at Los Angeles to a national Think Tank. This plays an important role in promoting policy-making of American civic education, curriculum standardization of school citizenship education, sustained development of nationwide education programs, implementation of international development strategies, and spreading of American democratic values. With the historical background of American civic education and American modern Think Tank, this paper summarizes the stages of development of the Center. This paper holds that the decisive factors of the Center’s transformation include the following points: building a bridge between “knowledge” and “power” through continuing and effective responses to the theme of civic education at ideological and strategic level, affecting decision makers by forming a Policy Advocacy Coalition with those who have common political beliefs, realizing such functions of Think Tank as setting and guiding policy agenda of civic education, providing effective products of civic education, promoting the international development of American civic education. This research contributes to promoting understanding of operating process and strategies of the Center, giving effective advice to Chinese Think Tank in cooperation with American Think Tank, enhancing Chinese Think Tank’s the sense and ability of dialogue, so as to strengthen their voices.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-10-20